2002 TRENCHES PC 19
Justin Winkler, Field Supervisor
Reports from the end of the field season
Field Supervisor of Trenches PC 19 and 22,
Justin "Bobcat" Winkler.
Many more surprises have occurred for
this week's update. Our peculiar curving walls to the north appear
to contain a different deposit. Russell Moore has been patiently
excavating this small area in hopes of understanding its context
better. Numerous small finds suggest lengthy use or occupation.
Northwest corner of Trench
My assistant and second-year veteran,
Caitlin Vacanti, is delicately uncovering the intact remnants
of at least two large storage vessels. Until the latter part
of last season, this particular area had been sealed in a dense
layer of decaying brick that probably formed part of the building's
Detail of Trenches PC 19
and 22 with pithos rim exposed during Week 3.
Aaron Bartels and Candace Grove are also
diligently excavating a specific area west of the curvilinear
wall in order to identify its potential use and construction.
At present, they have uncovered a layer of what is probably building
debris including numerous terracotta roof tiles, bricks, and
a variety of wall stones. Overall, the sequence of unit 19 and
22 is becoming clearer as work progresses. The remaining second-half
of the field season should prove even more interesting.
shown left of the wall in Trench PC 19.
The ever contemplative
Excavation this week continues to reveal
important information regarding the southwest site area. Russell
Moore and Caitlin Vacanti continue to uncover sizable pieces
of articulated vessel fragments. Each piece appears to form a
very large pot probably used for storing foodstuffs. Numerous
deposits of seeds have also been encountered and collected for
Moore (above) and Caitlin Vacanti (below)
excavating the area of the large storage vessel in PC 19 and
The structure argued for last season
seems much more questionable this year. After piecing together
this year's new information with what we now know from past seasons,
it may be likely that the building is really a series of rooms
arranged in a rectangular plan flanking the perimeter of an open
inner area. When evaluating the site's various contexts, Poggio
Colla as a whole appears largely devoted to production, storage,
and possibly redistribution. Little is known about Etruscan socioeconomic
organization at the regional scale, thus the Mugello provides
an excellent opportunity to meaningfully reconstruct these cultural
Unfortunately, this week
has not revealed any new discoveries. Intermittent thundershowers
have delayed our progress significantly. Excavation has been
suspended somewhat until the weather conditions clear and allow
us to proceed as planned. Be sure to stay tuned for new updates
during weeks 6 and 7.
View of Trenches PC 19 and 22 partially covered for rain protection.
2002 Trenches PC 19 and 22, left to right: Justin Winkler, Caitlin
Russell Moore, Candace Grove, and Aaron Bartels near the end
of Week 6.
Since the rains have
subsided work has been progressing steadily. This year's field
season is coming to a close and we are continuing to increase
our knowledge significantly. It now appears clear that the west
perimeter of the main building is comprised of at least two semi-subterranean
rooms. Each room contains a number of well-preserved pottery
vessels of varying size and shape containing numerous kinds of
seeds and perhaps other organic remains. Did this area simply
function as storage for an extensive settlement complex, or was
it an area designed to house goods meant to support a religious
class within a temple complex? At present, the evidence could
be interpreted either way. Once conservation is able to reconstruct
many of the larger storage vessels, we will be able to more fully
reconstruct the overall context of both areas. The excavated
zone to the east appears higher in elevation and might indicate
that the main structure enclosed an open plaza of some sort.
In any case, the students are diligent and continue to accomplish
much during these last few days. Accordingly, the final days
of the season are often the most productive which always leaves
a great deal to ponder until next summer.
Caitlin Vacanti, Justin Winkler, and Candace Grove push to complete
the season's work.
Justin Winkler carefully excavates the large pithoi and their
contents from Trench PC 22.
Candace Grove excavating in the north end of Trench PC 19.
Aaron Bartels working in Trench PC 19 during Week 6.
Russell Moore digging near the curved wall in Trench PC 19.
Week 7 - Final Report:
View of Trenches PC 19 and 22 from the northwest corner.
This season involved
a great deal of work and determination. None of this would have
been possible without the participation and enthusiasm of many
students. In particular, I wish to convey my thanks and appreciation
to Candace Grove, Russell Moore, Aaron Bartels, and especially
Caitlin Vacanti for their dedication, natural archaeological
ability, and adept observations throughout the course of the
season. One could not ask for a better crew. Excavation is virtually
complete in this area of the site. Now that the units have been
backfilled, we are left to contemplate the material record so
that we may plan for next year's endeavor. One point is for certain
though, Poggio Colla still possesses extraordinary archaeological
potential and in years to come shall continue to produce groundbreaking
Vacanti excavating the pithoi in Trench PC 22.
Trench PC 22 from the southeast showing pithoi.
Candace Grove, Aaron Bartels,
Russell Moore continue excavation of the pithoi.
taking a pass in Locus 1 of Trench PC 19 near season's end.
Nearly complete pan tile
removed from Trench PC 24 during Week 7.
and below: Trenches PC 19 (foreground) and 22 from the north
at the end of the 2002 season.
Curved wall and large blocks in Trench PC 19 at the end of the
View from the west of the east-west axis of the 2002 trenches
on the arx of Poggio Colla.
View from the southwest corner of Trenches PC 19 and 22 with
PC 23 in background.
View from the south of Trenches PC 19 and 22 at the end of the
Partial view of Trench
PC 22 and all of PC 19 from the southeast at the end of the season.
Detail of Trench PC 22 showing scarp, wall, and feature.
Candace Grove and Russell Moore measure and draw
strata in scarp for final drawings in the field notebook.